Neutering is the removal of an animal’s reproductive organ, either all of it or a considerably large part. Neutering is the most common method in animals. In the United States, most humane societies, animal shelters and rescue groups (not to mention numerous commercial entities) urge pet owners to have their pets spayed or neutered to prevent the births of unwanted litters, contributing to the overpopulation of animals.
Besides being a birth control method, neutering[males]/spaying[females] has the following health benefits:
- Prevention of mammary tumors: Female cats and dogs are about seven times more likely to develop mammary tumors if they are not spayed before their first heat cycle.
- Female dogs that have been spayed before their first heat have a lifetime chance of developing mammary tumors of about 99.5% less than that of intact females.
- Pyometra is prevented, either due to the removal of the organ (when ovariohysterectomy is performed) and/or because of the lack of female sex hormones (estrogen and progesterone) after spaying.
- Uterine cancer, ovarian cancer, and testicular cancer are prevented due to the removal of susceptible organs.
- Without its ability to reproduce, a female animal effectively has a zero risk of pregnancy complications, such as spotting and false pregnancies.
- As with any surgical procedure, immediate complications of neutering include the usual anesthetic and surgical complications, such as bleeding and infection.
- These risks are relatively low in routine spaying and neutering; however, they may be increased for some animals due to other pre-existing health factors.
- Neutered dogs have also been known to develop hormone-responsive alopecia
In female animals, spaying involves abdominal surgery to remove the ovaries and uterus (ovariohysterectomy). Alternatively, it is also possible to remove only the ovaries (ovariectomy), which is mainly done in cats and young female dogs.
The surgery is usually performed through a ventral (belly) midline incision below the umbilicus (belly button). The incision size varies depending upon the surgeon and the size of the animal. The uterine horns are identified and the ovaries are found by following the horns to their ends.
Canine Spay-Neuter Instruments Kit
Kit includes following instruments
- Kelly Hemostatic Forceps, 5.5″, curved 02 Pcs
- Kelly Hemostatic Forceps, 5.5″, straight 02 Pcs
- Mosquito Forceps, 5″, curved 02 Pcs
- Mosquito Forceps, 5″, straight 02 Pcs
- Backhaus Towel Clamp, 3.5″ 04 Pcs
- Dressing Forceps, 5.5″ 02 Pcs
- #3 Scalpel Handle 01 Pcs
- Scalpel Baldes 05 Pcs
- Adson-Brown Forceps, 4.75″ 01 Pcs
- Mayo Scissors TC, 6.75″, straight 01 Pcs
- Mayo-Hegar Needle holder, 6.75″ 01 Pcs
- Olsen-Hegar Needle holder TC, 6.5″ 01 Pcs
- Adson Tissue Forceps 15cm 4×5 01 Pcs
- Snook Hook 01 Pcs